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Copyright in most of the content on this website is owned by the copyright owner. The content in which copyright is owned by others include images reproduced on this website under license and some downloadable documents. Except as permitted by the copyright law applicable to you, you may not reproduce or communicate any of the content on this website, including files downloadable from this website, without the permission of the copyright owner.
WHAT IS COPYRIGHT?
Copyright is a collection of all rights enjoyed by the owner of an artistic or literary work.
Copyright maybe defined as a form of intellectual property which protects the rights of authors and creators of literary and artistic works. It refers to the main act in which, in respect of literary and artistic creation, may be made only by the author or with his authorization. Works are protected by the sole fact of their creation, irrespective of their mode or form of expression, as well as their content, quality and purpose.
WHAT ARE CONSIDERED COPYRIGHTABLE WORKS IN THE PHILIPPINES?
Under Philippine law, original intellectual creations in the literary and artistic domain are copyrightable. These include books, pamphlets, articles and other writings; periodicals and newspapers; lectures, sermons, addresses, dissertations prepared for oral delivery; letters; dramatic or dramatico-musical compositions; choreographic works or entertainment in dumb shows; musical compositions; drawing, painting, architecture, sculpture, engraving, lithography; models or designs for works of art; original ornamental designs or models for articles of manufacture; illustrations, maps, plans, sketches, charts and three-dimensional works relative to geography, topography, architecture or science; drawings or plastic works of a scientific or technical character; photographic works including works produced by a process analogous to photography; lantern slides; audiovisual works and cinematographic works and works produced by a process analogous to cinematography or any process for making audio-visual recordings; pictorial illustrations and advertisements and computer programs.
Derivative works are also protected as new works, provided that it does not affect the existing copyright on original works. Derivative works may include: dramatizations, translations, adaptations, abridgements, arrangements, and other alterations of literary music work; collections of literary, scholarly or artistic works, and compilations of data and other materials which are original by reason of the selection or coordination or arrangement of their contents.
WHAT WORKS ARE NOT PROTECTED BY COPYRIGHT UNDER PHILIPPINE LAW?
Copyright protection does not cover:
WHO ARE CONSIDERED OWNERS OF THE COPYRIGHTABLE WORKS?
The owners of original literary and artistic works are:
WHAT ARE THE RIGHTS CONFERED TO THE AUTHOR OF A WORK?
The author of a work has copy or economic rights, as well as moral rights over the work.
The author has the exclusive right to carry out, authorize or prevent the:
WHAT ARE THE ECONOMIC RIGHTS AND MORAL RIGHTS?
Economic Rights: refer to the rights of the author or copyright owner to derive financial reward from the use of his works by others.
Moral Rights: refer to the rights of the author to claim authorship of the work (Right of Paternity) and the right to restrain the use of his name with respect to any work not of his own creation or a distorted version of his work.
WHAT IS "FAIR USE"?
The fair use of a copyrighted work for criticism, comment, news, reporting, teaching including multiple copies for classroom use, scholarship, research and similar purposes is not an infringement of copyright.
Decompilation, which is the reproduction of the code and translation of the forms of the computer programs to achieve the inter-operability of an independently created computer program with other programs, may also constitute fair use.
To determine whether use of a work constitutes fair use, the following factors are considered:
WHAT CONSTITUTES COPYRIGHT INFRINGEMENT IN THE PHILIPPINES?
Under Philippine law, copyright infringement occurs when there is a violation of any of the exclusive economic or moral rights granted to the copyright owner. It may also consist in aiding or abetting such infringement. The IP Code also provides for the liability of a person who at the time when copyright subsists in a work has in his possession an article which he knows, or ought to know, to be an infringing copy of the work for the following purposes: (a) selling or letting for hire, or by way of trade offering or exposing for sale or hire, the article; (b) distributing the article for the purpose of trade, or for any other purpose to an extent that will prejudice the rights of the copyright owner in the work; or (c) trade exhibit of the article in public.
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While care and consideration has been taken in the creation of the material on this website, we do not warrant, represent or guarantee that the material published on this website is in all respects accurate, complete and current. To the extent permitted by law, we exclude any liability, including any liability for negligence, for any loss or damage arising from reliance on material on this website.
This website is not responsible for the content of any third-party website to which links are provided from this website. Any links to websites are provided for your information and convenience only. This website does not endorse or control these websites and cannot guarantee that material on those sites is in all respects accurate, complete and current.
For other posted materials that we do not own, we only share it for educational purposes and to help our fellow men in their life journey. Please do contact us if you are the rightful owner of the files for proper recognition or should you seek to remove it from this site.